“Fight Against Stupidity And Bureaucracy”
Welcome to another significant number factoid Friday.
Today’s significant number is Ten, one of the most important and widely used of all the numbers.
This is just a small selection of what Ten gets up to, but there’s still a lot of stuff in here so brace yourselves for a long read.
The Number Ten 10
- The number 10 is used 244 times in the Bible.
- The 10th word of the King James Version of Genesis is “earth”
- The number ten signifies perfection; it is the combination of the number seven which embraces all created things, and the trinity of the Creator.
- The Bible records 10 generations between Adam and Noah, and 10 generations between Noah and Abraham.
- The 10th Book of Enoch Archangel Uriel warns Noah about Flood.
- Noah waited 10 months for the water to recede after the Flood.
- The Ten Commandments of Exodus and Deuteronomy are considered a cornerstone of Judaism and Christianity.
- Ten Plagues were inflicted on Egypt in Exodus 7-12, sent by God by the intermediary of Moses: the water changed into blood, there were plagues of frogs, midges, big flies, then a plague on the animals, an epidemic of ulcer and tumours, hail and thunder, grasshoppers, three days of darkness, and finally the death of the firstborn in each Egyptian family.
- People traditionally tithed one-tenth of their produce. The practice of tithing is still common in Christian churches today, though it is disputed in some circles as to whether or not it is required of Christians.
- In Deuteronomy 26:12, the Torah commands Jews to give one-tenth of their produce to the poor (Maaser Ani). From this verse and from an earlier verse (Deut. 14:22) there derives a practice for Jews to give one-tenth of all earnings to the poor.
- There are said to be Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (those other than Judah and Benjamin).
- The Beast of the Revelation has ten horns each with ten diadems. (Rv 13, 1)
- There were ten nations whose hostility towards Israel was constant. (Ps 83,7-9)
- God moved back the shadow on the sundial of Ahaz by ten degrees as a sign that He was going to deliver Hezekiah from his mortal sickness and the city where he was. (Is 38,1-8)
- Christ’s parable of the 10 virgins (5 wise & 5 foolish) in Matthew 25.1-13 symbolizes our 5 inner & outer senses.
- Christ healed 10 lepers in a village, but only one turned back to thank him and with a loud voice glorified God. (Luke 17.12)
- The Holy Spirit descended on the apostles ten days after the Ascension of Jesus.
- Jews observe the annual Ten Days of Repentance beginning on Rosh Hashanah and ending on Yom Kippur.
- In Judaism, ten men are the required quorum, called a minyan, for prayer services.
- 10 Squared equals 100
- 10 Cubed equals 1000
- 10 Factorial or 10! equals 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 7 x 8 x 9 x 10 = 3,628,800
- A Decagon is a polygon of 10 sides.
- 10 is the base of the decimal system.
- Ten is the sum of the first three prime numbers, of the four first numbers (1 + 2 + 3 + 4), of the square of the two first odd numbers and also of the first four factorials (0! + 1! + 2! + 3!).
- Magic square of 10:
1 4 2 3
2 3 1 4
3 2 4 1
4 1 3 2
- 10 is the Atomic Number of Neon (Ne).
- There are 10 hydrogen atoms in butane, a hydrocarbon.
- Primates have 10 fingers.
- The human foot has 10 toes.
- There are 10 spacetime dimensions in some superstring theories.
- Messier object M10, a magnitude 6.4 globular cluster in the constellation Ophiuchus.
- The New General Catalogue object NGC 10, a magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy in the constellation Sculptor.
- Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the United States Apollo space program. It was an F type mission, its purpose being a “dry run” for the Apollo 11 mission, testing all of the procedures and components of a Moon landing without actually landing on the Moon itself.
- The mission included the second crew to orbit the Moon and an all-up test of the lunar module (LM) in lunar orbit. The LM came to within 8.4 nautical miles (15.6 km) of the lunar surface during practice maneuvers.
- According to the 2002 Guinness World Records, Apollo 10 set the record for the highest speed attained by a manned vehicle at 39,897 km/h (11.08 km/s or 24,791 mph) during the return from the Moon on May 26, 1969.
- Due to the use of their names as call signs, the Peanuts characters Charlie Brown and Snoopy became semi-official mascots for the mission. Peanuts creator Charles Schulz also drew some special mission-related artwork for NASA.
- John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) was the tenth President of the United States (1841–1845). A native of Virginia, Tyler served as a state legislator, governor, U.S. representative, and U.S. senator before being elected Vice President in 1840.
- He was the first to succeed to the office of President on the death of the incumbent, succeeding William Henry Harrison.
- Tyler’s opposition to federalism and emphatic support of states’ rights endeared him to his fellow Virginians but alienated him from most of the political allies that brought him to power in Washington.
- His presidency was crippled by opposition from both parties, and near the end of his life he would side with the South in its secession from the United States.
- Virginia is the tenth state in the Union.
- Canada is made up of 10 Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. There are also three territories, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. (The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government.)
- Number 10 Downing Street is the official residence of the British Prime Minister.
- The tenth French department is Aube.
- There are 10 regions in Ghana.
- In the Olympics, 10 is the highest score for a gymnastic event, attained by Nadia Comaneci in 1976, and Mary Lou Retton in 1984.
- The Decathlon is a 10-event athletic contest consisting of 100-meter, 400-meter, and 1500-meter runs, 110-meter high hurdles, javelin & discus throws, shot put, pole vault, high jump, and long jump.
- In ten-pin bowling, 10 pins are arranged in a triangular pattern and there are 10 frames per game.
- In American football, the end zones are 10 yards deep.
- In baseball, 10 is the minimum number of players on the field at any given time during play (including the batter).
- In basketball the top of the rim is 10 feet from the floor.
- In standard full-court basketball, there are 10 players on the court (5 on each team).
- In cricket, 10 is the number of wickets required to be taken by the bowling side for the batting side to be bowled out.
- In gridiron football, 10 is the number of yards the offense must advance to maintain possession in a single set of downs—four in American and three in Canadian.
- In rugby union, the starting fly-half wears the 10 shirt.
- The jersey number 10 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures:
- In Major League Baseball by the Chicago Cubs for Hall of Famer Ron Santo; the Cincinnati Reds for Hall of Fame manager Sparky Anderson; the Kansas City Royals for manager Dick Howser; the Minnesota Twins for manager Tom Kelly; the Montreal Expos (now the Washington Nationals) first for Rusty Staub and later for Hall of Famer Andre Dawson; the New York Yankees for Hall of Famer Phil Rizzuto; the St. Louis Cardinals for manager Tony La Russa; the Atlanta Braves have announced they will retire the number for Chipper Jones on June 28, 2013.
- In the NBA the Boston Celtics for Jo Jo White; the Chicago Bulls for Bob Love; the Detroit Pistons for Hall of Famer Dennis Rodman; the Miami Heat for Tim Hardaway; the New York Knicks for Hall of Famer Walt Frazier; the Philadelphia 76ers for Maurice Cheeks; the Seattle SuperSonics (now the Oklahoma City Thunder) for Nate McMillan; the Washington Wizards for Hall of Famer Earl Monroe, who played for the team in its past incarnation as the Baltimore Bullets.
- In the NFL the Atlanta Falcons for Steve Bartkowski; the Minnesota Vikings for Hall of Famer Fran Tarkenton.
- In the NHL the Carolina Hurricanes for Hall of Famer Ron Francis; the Detroit Red Wings for Hall of Famer Alex Delvecchio; the Montreal Canadiens for Hall of Famer Guy Lafleur; the first NHL incarnation of the Winnipeg Jets for Hall of Famer Dale Hawerchuk.
In books, music, TV and movies
- Ten has appeared in the titles of many songs including
- “Ten Long Years” by B.B. King and Eric Clapton;
- “Perfect Ten” by The Beautiful South;
- “Ten Cent Pistol” by The Black Keys;
- “Clock Strikes Ten” by Cheap Trick;
- “Eight By Ten” by Ken Dodd;
- “Ten Years Gone” by Led Zeppelin;
- “Ten Ton Hammer” by Machine Head;
- “Ten Cents A Dance” Richard Rodgers performed perhaps most famously by Ella Fitzgerald;
- “Force Ten” by Rush;
- “Ten with a Two” Willie Nelson;
- “Ten Foot Pole” by ZZ Top;
- “Ten Green Bottles” Traditional British children’s song, very much similar in theme to the US “99 Bottles Of Beer”;
- and “Ten Feet Tall” by XTC.
- “Ten lords a-leaping” is the gift on the tenth day of Christmas in the carol “The Twelve Days of Christmas”
- On TV there have been:
- A series on HBO entitled “1st & Ten” which aired between December 1984 and January 1991.
- A series on ESPN and ESPN2 entitled 1st and 10 which launched on ESPN in October 2003 to 2008 and moved to ESPN2 from 2008 to present.
- A 1977 short documentary film “Powers of Ten” depicts the relative scale of the Universe in factors of ten (orders of magnitude).
- A game show on CBS called “Power of 10”, where the player’s prize goes up and down by either the previous or next power of ten.
- and, “Ten Chances” is one the pricing games on “The Price is Right”.
- Movies with “10” in their titles include,
- “10 Things I Hate About You”;
- “10 to Midnight”;
- “The Whole Ten Yards”;
- “10 Items or Less”;
- “Ten Little Indians”;
- “10 Rillington Place”;
- “The 10th Victim”;
- “3:10 to Yuma”;
- “The Ten”;
- and, “The Ten Commandments”
- To reduce something by one-tenth is to decimate. (In ancient Rome, the killing of one in ten soldiers in a cohort was the punishment for cowardice or mutiny; or, one-tenth of the able-bodied men in a village as a form of retribution, thus causing a labor shortage and threat of starvation in agrarian societies.)
- USS Annapolis (PG-10)
- The first USS Annapolis (PG-10/IX-1) was a gunboat in the United States Navy. She was named for Annapolis, Maryland.
- She took part in the Spanish-American War and later was sent to the Far East and then central American waters.
- USS Maine (BB-10)
- USS Maine (BB-10), the lead ship of her class of battleships, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the 23rd state.
- She was launched on 27 July 1901 and during WWI operated along the east coast where she trained engineers, armed guard crews, and midshipmen.
- Later Maine operated with ships of the Atlantic Fleet until 15 May 1920, when she decommissioned at Philadelphia Navy Yard.
- USS Bridgeport (AD-10/ID-3009)
- The USS Bridgeport (AD-10/ID-3009) was a destroyer tender used by the United States Navy during World War I and the years after.
- Originally she had been built in 1901 at Vegesack, Germany as SS Breslau of the North German Lloyd lines as a steel-hulled passenger and cargo steamship.
- Interned at New Orleans, Louisiana at the outbreak of World War I, Breslau was seized in 1917 by the United States after her entry into the war and commissioned into the Navy as USS Bridgeport.
- Originally slated to be a repair ship, she was reclassified as a destroyer tender the following year. Bridgeport completed several transatlantic convoy crossings before she was stationed at Brest, France, where she remained in a support role after the end of World War I. After returning to the United States in November 1919, she spent the next five years along the East Coast and in the Caribbean tending destroyers and conducting training missions.
- She was decommissioned in November 1924 and placed in reserve at the Boston Navy Yard.
- USS L-10 (SS-50)
- The USS L-10 (SS-50) was an L-class submarine of the United States Navy. She was assigned to the Atlantic Submarine Flotilla and operated along the United States East Coast until April 1917 developing new techniques or undersea warfare.
- Following the United States’s entry into World War I, she was used to protect Allied shipping lanes to Europe.
- She was decommissioned at Philadelphia on 5 May 1922
- USS Barnegat (AVP-10)
- The second USS Barnegat (AVP-10), operated from 1941 to 1946, was the lead ship of her class of small seaplane tenders built for the United States Navy just before and during World War II.
- First operating in the North Atlantic she provided not only tender services but salvage and logistic support as well.
- Later she participated in Operation Torch, the Allied landings in French North Africa.
- From June 1943–May 1944 she transferred to the South Atlantic, reporting for duty with Fleet Air Wing (FAW) 16. Her arrival coincided with the opening shots of a local German submarine “blitz” against coastal shipping; the day before, the German U-boat U-513 had torpedoed the steamer SS Venetia.
- She was decommissioned on 17 May 1946.
- USS Yorktown (CV-10)
- The USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers built during World War II for the United States Navy. She is named after the Battle of Yorktown of the American Revolutionary War, and is the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. Initially to have been named Bon Homme Richard, she was renamed Yorktown while under construction to commemorate USS Yorktown (CV-5), lost at the Battle of Midway in June 1942.
- Yorktown was commissioned in April 1943, and participated in several campaigns in the Pacific Theater of Operations, earning 11 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.
- Decommissioned shortly after the end of the war, she was modernized and recommissioned in the early 1950s as an attack carrier (CVA), and then eventually became an antisubmarine carrier (CVS). She was recommissioned too late to participate in the Korean War but served for many years in the Pacific, including duty in the Vietnam War, in which she earned five battle stars.
- Late in her career she served as a recovery ship for the Apollo 8 space mission, was used in the movie Tora! Tora! Tora! which recreated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and in the science fiction film The Philadelphia Experiment.
- Yorktown was decommissioned in 1970 and in 1975 became a museum ship at Patriot’s Point, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.
- She is a National Historic Landmark.
- USNS Bridge (T-AOE-10)
- USNS Bridge is the fourth ship in the Supply class of fast combat support ships and the second ship in the Navy named after Commodore Horatio Bridge.
- USS Sampson (DDG-10)
- The USS Sampson (DDG-10), named for Admiral William T. Sampson USN (1840–1902), was a Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyer launched on 21 May 1960 commissioned on 24 June 1961.
- She was tasked with operations in the Atlantic and Caribbean and the Mediterranean.
- Sampson was decommissioned on 24 June 1991 exactly 30 years after commissioning.
- USS Tripoli (LPH-10)
- The USS Tripoli (LPH-10), is an Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ship launched on 31 July 1965. She was named for the Battle of Tripoli Harbor.
- She took part in three tours during the Vietnam war and has more recently operated in the Middle East.
- She was decommissioned in 1995.
- USS Juneau (LPD-10)
- The USS Juneau (LPD-10) is an Austin-class amphibious transport dock, and the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for the capital of Alaska.
- The ship entered service on 12 July 1969, and participated in the Vietnam War, was command ship for the response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill, transported troops to the Persian Gulf for Operation Desert Storm, and was part of the attempted US response to Cyclone Nargis.
- Juneau was decommissioned in 2008, and is part of the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
- USS Warrior (MCM-10)
- The USS Warrior (MCM-10) is an Avenger-class mine countermeasures ship launched on 8 December 1990, and was commissioned on 7 April 1993.
- The Avenger-class ships were designed to have very low acoustic and magnetic signatures to avoid detonating mines. While most modern warships have steel hulls, the Avengers have wooden hulls with an external coating of fiberglass. They are equipped with sophisticated mine-hunting and classification sonar as well as remotely-operated mine neutralization and disposal systems.
- On 26 February 2013, 7th Fleet announced that the USS Warrior would be transferred from 5th Fleet in Bahrain to 7th Fleet in Sasebo Japan to replace the USS Guardian, which had recently been decommissioned after running aground in the Philippines.
- USS Gabrielle Giffords (LCS-10)
- The USS Gabrielle Giffords (LCS-10) which is currently being built by Austal USA, is scheduled to be completed and delivered to the Navy in August of 2015 and will be an Independence-class littoral combat ship of the United States Navy.
- The ship is named after former United States Representative Gabrielle Giffords, who was shot along with eighteen other people during the 2011 shooting in Tucson, Arizona.
- Gabrielle Giffords will be the 15th U.S. naval ship to be named for a woman by the United States Navy. But the name choice has been controversial, with two retired U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps officers criticizing the trend of naming ships for political reasons.
- Lockheed Model 10 Electra
- The Lockheed Model 10 Electra was a twin-engine, all-metal monoplane airliner developed by the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in the 1930s to compete with the Boeing 247 and Douglas DC-2.
- It was used both in civilian and military roles.
- The aircraft gained considerable worldwide notoriety when a highly modified version was flown by Amelia Earhart on her ill-fated around-the-world expedition in 1937.
- McDonnell Douglas DC-10
- The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine widebody jet airliner, capable of carrying a maximum 380 passengers, and used for medium to long-haul flights. Its most distinguishing feature is the two turbofan engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer.
- The model was a successor to McDonnell Douglas’s DC-8 for long-range operations, and competed in the same markets as the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar, which has a similar layout to the DC-10.
- The DC-10 has had an eventful existence, as of January 2012, it has been involved in 56 aviation occurrences, including 32 hull-loss accidents, with 1,262 occupant fatalities. It has been involved in nine hijackings and criminal events resulting in 171 occupant fatalities.
- But despite its troubled beginnings in the 1970s, which gave it an unfavorable reputation, the DC-10 has proved a reliable aircraft, it’s initially poor safety record continuously improved as design flaws were rectified and fleet hours increased. The DC-10’s lifetime safety record is comparable to similar second-generation passenger jets as of 2008.
- Douglas F-10 Skyknight
- The Douglas F-10 Skyknight was a United States twin-engine, mid-wing jet fighter aircraft manufactured by the Douglas Aircraft Company in El Segundo, California.
- It was designed as a carrier-based all-weather aircraft and saw service with the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps.
- While it never achieved the fame of the North American F-86 Sabre, it did down several Soviet-built MiG-15s as a night fighter over Korea with only one air-to-air loss of its own against a Chinese MiG-15.
- The Skyknight was the only Korean war fighter that also flew in Vietnam (as also did the Douglas A-1 Skyraider attack aircraft). EF-10Bs served in the electronic countermeasures role during the Vietnam War until 1969. The U.S. Marine Corps retired its last EF-10Bs in 1970. Some aircraft continued flying as testbeds for Raytheon until the 1980s.
- Jianjiji-10 Fighter Aircraft
- The Jianjiji-10 Fighter Aircraft 10 (J-10) “Vigorous Dragon” was part of the development of an indigenous Chinese multi-role fighter equivalent to the Mirage 2000 operated by Taiwan. It is a replacement for the obsolescent Q-5 and J-7 and armed with much improved weapons.
- The J-10 is reportedly similar to the American F-16 and a cancelled Israeli fighter based on the F-16 called the Lavi. Although Israel denies transferring any unauthorized technology, it is known Israeli companies supplied assistance in J-10 development.
- Pakistan also reportedly provided one of its F-16s to China for study, and several Russian engineers who worked on the J-10 indicated a Lavi prototype was located in Chengdu’s facilities.
- The resulting design, very similar to the Lavi externally, features a delta wing with canards mounted just aft of the cockpit.
- Smith & Wesson Model 10
- The Smith & Wesson Model 10, previously known as the Smith & Wesson .38 Hand Ejector Model of 1899, the Smith & Wesson Military & Police or the Smith & Wesson Victory Model, is a revolver of worldwide popularity.
- It was the successor to the Smith & Wesson .32 Hand Ejector Model of 1896 and was the first Smith & Wesson revolver to feature a cylinder release latch on the left side of the frame like the Colt M1889.
- In production since 1899, it is a six-shot double-action revolver with fixed sights. Over its long production run it has been available with barrel lengths of 2 in (51 mm), 3 in (76 mm), 4 in (100 mm), 5 in (130 mm), and 6 in (150 mm). Barrels of 2.5 inches (64 mm) are also known to have been made for special contracts.
- Some 6,000,000 of the type have been produced over the years, making it the most popular centerfire revolver of the 20th century.
- Colt model 10 Double Eagle
- The Colt Double Eagle is a double-action / single action, semi-automatic pistol manufactured between 1989 and 1997. It was available in standard full-size, as well as in more compact versions, features a decocking lever, and was chambered for several calibers. The family of models was known as the Series 90.
- The design of the Double Eagle was based on the Colt M1911 pistol. Magazines are single stack and are identical to magazines shipped with the M1911. Most of the Double Eagle models were available in stainless steel only, however the “Lightweight” Officer’s had an alloy frame and blued slide.
- The Double Eagle was chambered for several calibers but the most common are 10mm Auto asn well as the standard .45 ACP and 10mm Auto.
- Deca- means 10 (Latin, Greek: deka).
- Decade is a period of 10 years.
- U.S. currency: One dime = 10 cents.
- Tin wedding anniversary celebrates 10 years of marriage.
- X is the Roman numeral for 10.
- The Passion Flower (Passiflora) has 10 petals.
- Each of the thirty six parts of the astrological Zodiacs is divides into ten degrees.
- In a standard deck of playing cards there are 10, numbered 1 thru 10, of all four suits.
- Counting from one to ten before speaking is often done in order to cool one’s temper.
- There are ten official inkblots in the Rorschach inkblot test.
- The traditional Snellen chart uses 10 different letters.
- Number of dots in a tetractys.