Today the number is 100, very popular, much used by almost everyone. Here are some things about 100 that you may know and some you probably don’t.
100 One Hundred
Shem was an hundred years old when he became a father (Genesis 11:10);
Abraham was also one hundred years of age when his son Isaac was born (Gen. 21:5);
Obadiah saved one hundred prophets by hiding them in a cave and feeding them. (I Kings 18.4);
Jesus’ parable of the 100th lost sheep (Matthew 18.12);
Nicodemus brought one hundred pounds of myrrh & aloes to embalm Jesus after his crucifixion (John 19.39);
Paul’s 14 Epistles in the New Testament total one hundred chapters;
There are 100 blasts of the Shofar heard in the service of Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year;
A religious Jew is expected to utter at least one hundred blessings daily.
The United States Senate has 100 Senators, two from each of the 50 States;
“The First Hundred Days” is an arbitrary benchmark of a President of the United States’ performance at the beginning of his or her term.
A Centillion 10303 has 100 groups of three zeros after 1000;
A Googol is the figure 1 followed by 100 zeroes, written 10100. It was invented by Milton Sirotta, the 9-year nephew of mathematician Edward Kasner;
A 10×10 Magic Square has 100 squares with numbers 1-100, each row, column & diagonal adding to 505 with the total sum being 5050;
There are exactly 100 prime numbers whose digits are in strictly ascending order. (e.g. 239, 2357 etc.);
Pythagoreans considered 100 as divinely divine because it is the square (10 x 10) of the divine decad;
The standard SI prefix for a hundred is “hecto-“;
100 is the basis of percentages (per cent meaning “per hundred” in Latin), with 100% being a full amount and representing wholeness, purity, or perfection.
One hundred is the Atomic Number of Fermium, a radioactive rare earth metal;
One hundred is the molecular weight of Calcium Carbonate;
The boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
Messier 100 is a perfect example of a grand design spiral galaxy, a type of galaxy with prominent and very well-defined spiral arms.
These dusty structures swirl around the galaxy’s nucleus, and are marked by a flurry of star formation activity that dots Messier 100 with bright blue, high-mass stars.
This image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope
Most of the world’s currencies are divided into 100 sub-units; for example, one dollar or one euro is made up of one hundred cents, and one pound sterling is one hundred pence;
The U.S. hundred-dollar bill (the largest US bill in print) has Benjamin Franklin’s portrait;
American savings bonds of $100 have Thomas Jefferson’s portrait;
American $100 treasury bonds have Andrew Jackson’s portrait;
The FTSE 100, NASDAQ 100, etc., are financial tables of the top companies on the various stock exchanges.
100 is the number of yards in an American football field (not including the end zones);
100 is the minimum distance in yards for a Par 3 on a golf course;
The 100 meters sprint is the race that brings with it the title of the fastest man in the world. Current holder is Jamaican superstar Usain Bolt;
100 points scored by Wilt Chamberlain is the record number of points scored in one NBA game by a single player in basketball game, achieved when Philadelphia Warrior defeated New York Knicks 169-147 on March 2, 1962 in Hershey, Pennsylvania. The 316 points by both teams surpassed the record of 312 when Boston defeated Minneapolis 173-139 on Feb. 27, 1959 in Boston.
The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between France & England lasted 116 years.
The Ultimax 100 is a squad automatic weapon / light machine gun. It was created by the small arms design team at Chartered Industries of Singapore (CIS; now Singapore Technologies Kinetics) Inc, that included American small arms designer James Sullivan, who previously worked for Armalite and participated in design of the AR-18 assault rifle.In 1982 it was adopted by the Singaporean army. The current production version is Ultimax 100 Mark 3.
Type 100 Submachine Gun
Designed and built by the Nambu Arms Manufacturing Company in Japan, the Type 100 Submachine gun was used during World War II, and the only submachine gun produced by Japan in any quantity. It was modeled on the famous Bergmann MP18 submachine gun. First samples were delivered to the Imperial Army in 1942 and in total some 30,000 were manufactured.
The North American F-100 Super Sabre was a supersonic jet fighter aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1954 to 1971 and with the Air National Guard (ANG) until 1979.
The first of the Century Series collection of USAF jet fighters, it was the first USAF fighter capable of supersonic speed in level flight.
The F-100 was originally designed by North American Aviation as a higher performance follow-on to the F-86 Sabre air superiority fighter.
Adapted as a fighter bomber, the F-100 would be supplanted by the Mach 2 class F-105 Thunderchief for strike missions over North Vietnam. The F-100 flew extensively over South Vietnam as the Air Force’s primary close air support jet until replaced by the more efficient subsonic LTV A-7 Corsair II.
The F-100 also served in other NATO air forces and with other U.S. allies. In its later life, it was often referred to as “the Hun,” a shortened version of “one hundred.
This aircraft is now on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force
NASA’s JF-100 Variable Stability Aircraft is a research aircraft about which very little information is readily available. Only scattered references of it remain in bits of documents and reports.
The JF-100 was built from an Air Force F-100C by NASA’s Ames Research Center, and transferred to NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center in 1960. The “J” designation refers to it being modified for special test missions, but not so extensively that it could not be returned to being a standard F-100. The aircraft obviously was acquired from the Air Force and carried the registration number 53-1709, but no information about its earlier career was available.
The JF-100 was removed from service as a variable stability aircraft at NASA Dryden in 1964, but its final disposition could not be determined. The information is most likely buried in various reports somewhere, waiting to be rediscovered by a future researcher.
F100 class frigates
The Álvaro de Bazán class (also known as the F100 class of frigates) are a new class of Aegis combat system-equipped air defence frigates entering service with the Spanish Navy. They are being built in the Spanish factory of Navantia in Ferrol and are named after Admiral Álvaro de Bazán.
The ships are fitted with American Aegis weapons technology allowing them to track hundreds of airborne targets simultaneously as part of its air defence network. The F100 Alvaro de Bazan class multi-role frigate is one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis Combat System and its associated AN/SPY-1 radar. Japan’s Kongo class, South Korea’s King Sejong the Great class, the F100-derived Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen class of frigates also use the Aegis system. Lockheed Martin, Navantia and the U.S. Navy are conducting final systems integration.
Designed on the chasis of the T-34-85 tank, the tank hunter SU-100 was produced until March 1946 with a total number of 3037 units made.
It was one of the most effective anti-tank units up to 1948. In 1960, the SU-100 was upgraded with the installation of a new enhanced B2-34M engine, fuel pump NK-10, air cleaners VTI-3, commander observation equipment TPKU-2B and driver’s night sight BVN, as well as radio sets 10RT-26E and TPU-47.
The SU-100 was produced in Czechoslovakia and was in the inventory of several African and Middle East countries. The Arabs actively used it in military conflicts with Israel.
Cities located at 100 degree longitude: Penang, Malaysia; Bangkok, Thailand; Monterrey, Mexico;
Hecatonchires were giants with 100 arms and 50 heads each. They were born of Gaia & Uranus, and were stronger than even the Cyclopes. Their names were Cottus, Briareus, and Gyges;
Gene McDaniels’ song A Hundred Pounds of Clay had highest hit #3 in 1961 Pop Charts;
Joseph Haydn’s Symphony #100 in G Major is called “Military” (composed 1793-94);
Room 100 is a 4-member male melodic rock band formed in 1982;
Gathering of the 100 Gods occurs on the 19th day of the first lunar month;
The first Chinese dictionary was written in 100 A.D.;
The 100th day of the year (non-leap year) is April 10;
On April 10, 1912, the Titanic set sail from Southampton, England, and hit the iceberg on 4-15-1912;
The Century Plant is a Mexican agave (Agave americana) that blooms only once every “100 years” (folklore). In reality, it takes 10 years to bloom in warm regions and up to 60 years in colder climates;
Centipedes are insects with “100 legs”;
A Centenarian is someone over 100 years old. The number of Centenarians in the US increased from 37,306 (1990) to 50,454 (2000) according to the U.S. Census; the 180,000 centenarians worldwide (2000) is projected to reach 3.2 million by 2050;
Polish Draughts is a 100-square board game played with 40 pieces. It is similar to the 64-square board game of Checkers;
Roman numeral for 100 is C;
Centennial is a 100th anniversary or its celebration;
A Century is a period of 100 years;
When a TV series reaches 100 episodes, it is generally considered viable for syndication;
There are100 tiles in a standard Scrabble set;
In Greece, India, Israel and Nepal, 100 is the police telephone number;
In Belgium, 100 is the ambulance and firefighter telephone number;
In United Kingdom, 100 is the operator telephone number;
There are 100 pounds in an American short hundredweight.
They’ve been ‘beautiful’, they’ve been ‘big’ and they’ve been ‘unusual’. Today we have another ‘significant’ number, fifteen, so-called because of their use and the beliefs surrounding it.
The number fifteen is perhaps best known today because of Andy Warhol’s fifteen minutes of fame statement.
Other facts about fifteen include,
in mathematics fifteen is what is known as a triangular number, a hexagonal number, a pentatope number and the 4th Bell number;
fifteen is the atomic number of phosphorus;
15 Madadgar is designated as an emergency number in Pakistan, for mobile phones, similar to the international GSM emergency number 112, if 112 is used in Pakistan, then the call is routed to 15;
Passover begins on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan;
in Spanish culture 15 is the age when a Hispanic girl celebrates her quinceañera;
it is the number of days in each of the 24 cycles of the Chinese calendar;
it is the number of guns in a gun salute to Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force Lieutenant Generals, and Navy and Coast Guard Vice Admirals;
it is the number of checkers each side has at the start of a backgammon game;
and it is the number corresponding to The Devil in tarot cards.
there are 15 players on the field in each rugby union team at any given time;
in tennis, the number 15 represents the first point gained in a game;
the jersey number 15 is worn by the starting fullback;
the jersey number 15 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures: in Major League Baseball the New York Yankees, for Thurman Munson: in the NBA the Boston Celtics, for Hall of Famer Tom Heinsohn; the Dallas Mavericks, for Brad Davis; the Detroit Pistons, for Vinnie Johnson; the New York Knicks have retired the number twice, first for Dick McGuire, and then for Earl Monroe; the Philadelphia 76ers, for Hall of Famer Hal Greer; the Portland Trail Blazers, for Larry Steele: in the NHL: the Boston Bruins, for Hall of Famer Milt Schmidt: and in the NFL: the Green Bay Packers, for Hall of Famer Bart Starr; and the Philadelphia Eagles, for Hall of Famer Steve Van Buren.
The 15th President of the United States was Democratic Party candidate James Buchanan (1791–1868) who was in office from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861. His VP was John C. Breckinridge.
He is the only president from Pennsylvania, the only president who remained a lifelong bachelor, and the last president born in the 18th century.
The 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Although ratified on February 3, 1870, the promise of the 15th Amendment would not be fully realized for almost a century. Through the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other means, Southern states were able to effectively disenfranchise African Americans. It would take the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 before the majority of African Americans in the South were registered to vote.
Special Field Orders, No. 15 were military orders issued during the American Civil War, on January 16, 1865, by General William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of the Military Division of the Mississippi of the United States Army. They provided for the confiscation of 400,000 acres of land along the Atlantic coast of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida and the dividing of it into 40-acre parcels, on which were to be settled approximately 18,000 freed slave families and other Blacks then living in the area. Brig. Gen. Rufus Saxton, an abolitionist from Massachusetts who had previously organized the recruitment of black soldiers for the Union Army, was put in charge of implementing the orders. The orders had little concrete effect, as they were revoked in the fall of that same year by President Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Abraham Lincoln after his assassination.
Apollo 15 was launched on July 26th, 1971, and landed on July 30th, 1971, at Hadley Rille. Splash Down was on August 7th, 1971. The crew was David R. Scott, James B. Irwin and Alfred M. Worden. At the time, NASA called it the most successful manned flight ever achieved.
Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the Apollo space program, the fourth to land on the Moon, and the eighth successful manned mission. It was the first of the longer “J Mission” expeditions to the moon, where the terrain was explored in some detail, and there was a much greater emphasis on science than had previously been possible.
The flight of Apollo 15 featured the first use of the Lunar Rover, which permitted Scott and Irwin to leave the Lunar Module “Falcon” behind and drive around over more than 27 kilometers of lunar ground.
The astronauts found and brought back the “Genesis Rock,”, a chunk of ancient lunar crust that has been extensively studied for clues about the origins of the moon and the Earth.
During the return flight aboard the Command Module “Endeavour,” Alfred Worden became the first man to perform a space walk outside of earth’s orbit as he went outside to retrieve some film from the side of the space craft.
Although the mission accomplished its objectives, this success was somewhat overshadowed by negative publicity that accompanied public awareness of postage stamps carried without authorization by the astronauts, who had made plans to sell them upon their return.
The best known aircraft with this designation is the F-15 Eagle. It made its first flight in July 1972, and the first flight of the two-seat F-15B (formerly TF-15A) trainer was made in July 1973. The first Eagle (F-15B) was delivered in November 1974. In January 1976, the first Eagle destined for a combat squadron was delivered. The single-seat F-15C and two-seat F-15D models entered the Air Force inventory beginning in 1979.
The X-15 is perhaps the most ambitious aircraft ever created. It was built to push the limits of flight and explore the possibilities of space travel. During its research program the aircraft set unofficial world speed and altitude records of 4,520 mph (Mach 6.7 on Oct. 3, 1967, with Air Force pilot Pete Knight at the controls) and 354,200 ft (on Aug. 22, 1963, with NASA pilot Joseph Walker in the cockpit).
In the course of its flight research, the X-15’s pilots and instrumentation yielded data for more than 765 research reports.
The X-15 had no landing gear, but rather skidded to a stop in a 200 mph landing on skis. It had reaction controls for attitude control in space, and was a major step on the path toward space exploration. Much of what was learned on the X-15 was applied to the Space Shuttle.
With the exception of the Kalashnikov, the Armalite AR-15 is perhaps the best know assault rifle in the world. It is a lightweight, 5.56 mm, magazine-fed, semi-automatic rifle, with a rotating-lock bolt, actuated by direct impingement gas operation or long/short stroke piston operation. It is manufactured with the extensive use of aluminum alloys and synthetic materials.
The AR-15 was first built by ArmaLite as a selective fire assault rifle for the United States armed forces. Because of financial problems, ArmaLite sold the AR-15 design to Colt. The select-fire AR-15 entered the US military system as the M16 rifle. Colt then marketed the Colt AR-15 as a semi-automatic version of the M16 rifle for civilian sales in 1963. The name “AR-15” is a Colt registered trademark, which refers only to the semi-automatic rifle.
Unfortunately its characteristics also made it a favorite weapon of terrorist organizations.
15 Gun Salute
A 15 gun salute is accorded to a 3-star General
The Plus 15 Skyway
The Plus 15 or +15 Skyway network in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is the world’s second most extensive pedestrian skywalk system, with a total length of 16 kilometers (9.9 miles) and 59 bridges. The system is so named because the skywalks are approximately 15 feet (approximately 4.5 metres) above street level. (Some Plus 15 skywalks are multi-level, with higher levels being referred to as +30s and +45s.)
The system was conceived and designed by architect Harold Hanen, who worked for the Calgary Planning Department from 1966 to 1969. It provides a pleasant alternative to the cold streets in the winters which can be harsh.
The 15 Puzzle
One of the most famous puzzles, the 15-puzzle (also called Gem Puzzle, Boss Puzzle, Game of Fifteen, Mystic Square and many others) is a sliding puzzle that consists of a frame of numbered square tiles in random order with one tile missing. The puzzle also exists in other sizes, particularly the smaller 8-puzzle. If the size is 3×3 tiles, the puzzle is called the 8-puzzle or 9-puzzle, and if 4×4 tiles, the puzzle is called the 15-puzzle or 16-puzzle named, respectively, for the number of tiles and the number of spaces. The object of the puzzle is to place the tiles in order (see diagram) by making sliding moves that use the empty space.
And finally, The Church Choir
But one of the most unusual occurrences of the number concerns fifteen members of a church choir in Beatrice, Nebraska, due at practice at 7:20, were late on the evening of March 1, 1950.
the minister, his wife and daughter were delayed while his wife ironed the daughter’s dress;
another girl waited to finish a geometry problem for homework;
one couldn’t start her car;
two waited to hear the end of an exciting radio program;
one mother and daughter were late because the mother had to call the daughter twice to wake her from a nap;
and so on.
All the reasons seemed ordinary. In total there were ten separate and quite unconnected reasons for the lateness of the fifteen persons.
It was rather fortunate that none of the fifteen arrived on time at 7:20, for at 7:25 the church building was destroyed in an explosion.
Life Magazine reported that the members of the choir wondered if their delay was “an act of God.”
The Mathematician Warren Weaver, in his book, ‘Lady Luck: The Theory of Probability’, calculates the staggering odds against chance for this event as about one in a million.
It wouldn’t be a Monday without another selection of answers given by members of the public on television and radio quiz shows, where all that’s required to feature is a brain by-pass. As usual the hapless contestants employ all devices to come up with an answer – all devices that is except for intelligence and logic.
Read on and you’ll see.
Q: Name something a man might ask for if he made a deal with the devil
Q: Name something people pitch
Q: Name a magazine that a mother would love to see her son on the cover of
A: USA Today
Q: Name a famous magician
A: Tom Cruise
Q: Name something a man might do to look good that he doesn’t want people to know about
A: Stuff his pants
Q: Name a fruit found in fruitcake
Q: An appliance you can’t live without
Q: Name a bill that’s always more than you expected it to be
A: $100 bill
A: $50 bill
Q: Name a place you go to, to listen to music
Q: Name something you should do in moderation or you’ll be sorry later
Q: Name a card game that’s easy to cheat at
Q: Name a famous resort area outside of the continental United States
Q: Name a time when people go to bed
Q: Name a TV show that took place on an island, past or present
A: Miami Vice
A: General Hospital
Q: Name a real person who made a living scaring people
A: Red Skelton
Q: How often your parents punished you as a child
A: 5 times
Q: The city with the world’s greatest art collections
Q: Name a food people give as a gift
Q: Name something people associate with a sumo wrestler